Zika virus is spread by mosquitoes. The infection itself is usually not serious. Often there are no symptoms, in other cases there is fever, rash, headache and joint pains.
In early 2016 a Public Health Emergency was declared as there was found to be a possible link between Zika virus infection in pregnancy and microcephaly.
What is microcephaly?
Microcephaly is lack of brain development and an abnormally small head in newborn babies. This is of course a tragic outcome causing death or serious disability.
As yet there is no proof of the link between Zika virus in pregnancy and microcephaly – the situation is constantly evolving. Until more is known, it is strongly advised that women who are pregnant or actively seeking to get pregnant to postpone travel to areas prone to Zika virus. Unfortunately there is no vaccine or treatment for the virus available.